Website security can be a complex (or even confusing) topic in an ever-evolving landscape. This guide is meant to provide a clear framework for website owners seeking to mitigate risk and apply security principles to their web properties.
Before we get started, it’s important to keep in mind that security is never a set-it-and-forge-it solution. Instead, we encourage you to think of it as a continuous process that requires constant assessment to reduce the overall risk.
A dynamic web application, in contrast, is far more complex technically, using databases to load data. They typically use an administration panel (CMS) for management and can be made using a variety of programming languages. Upgrading content is generally simple, and it allows for the implementation of features like forums. When determining whether the web application will be considered as simple or complex, it is important to determine what functionality requirements are needed for users of the software (both internally and externally), current and future integration & API capabilities, the level of which the software needs to scale with the growth of the company and what types of browser and devices the software will be viewed and used on.
As for the “Containment, Eradication & Recovery” phase, the process has to adapt to the type of issue found on the website and predefined strategies based on the attack. For instance, cryptominer infections usually consume lots of resources from the server (leecher), and before starting the remediation process the incident response team has to contain the threat. The containment of this attack is a critical step to prevent the depletion of additional resources and further damage. This decision-making system and strategies are a crucial part of this phase. For instance, if we identify a particular file as being 100% malicious, there should be an action to wipe it out. If the file contains partially malicious code, only that piece should be removed. Each scenario should have a specific process.
Last but not least, the “Post Incident Activities” could also be called the “Lessons Learned” phase. In this phase, the Incident Response Team should present a report detailing what occurred, what actions were taken, and how well intervention worked. We should reflect on the incident, learn from it, and take action to prevent similar issues in the future. These actions could be as simple as updating a component, changing passwords, or adding a website firewall to prevent attacks at the edge. Conduct a review of the actions your department needs to take to continue fortifying your security posture. Next, ensure you take those actions as quickly as possible.
In this phase, we make sure that we have all the necessary tools and resources before an incident occurs. This goes hand in hand with the previous sections in the security framework. Hosting companies play a crucial role in this phase by ensuring that systems, servers, and networks are sufficiently secure. It is also important to ensure your web developer or technical team is prepared to handle a security incident.
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